Various challenges in the food industry contributed to – The Future of Halal Industry Conformity.
1. Limitation of existing Legislation? The reason why Lab analysis/verification important
The requirement of a recognised Halal certificate for the High-Risk ingredient is vital due to several reasons including the possible source of animal, shared processes (with non-Halal) and gaps of regulatory on processing aids, prescriptive substances. For non-certified product lab analysis become greater due to the gaps in the European or UK Law. Some of these are not declared in European ruling:
Without prejudice to Article 21, the following constituents of food shall not be required to be included in the list of ingredients:
First, we talk about animal derivatives that are commonly not permissible unless they are Halal certified.
Therefore, the current approach that is considered authoritative is through laboratory analysis. An analysis protocol that must be accredited with accreditations such as ISO 17025 (General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories). This type of verification should also help other dietary needs e.g for vegetarian and other ethnicity who treat land animals as critical. This technique is also synonym with Halal certification validation process.
To detect animal traces the selection of a laboratory must:
- Be accredited for DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid or nucleic acid) analysis protocol based such as PCR (Polymerase chain reaction). The leading accredited laboratories are such as Halvec, Eurofinn (i.e. France and Germany), SGS, Mérieux, etc.
- The method-specific limit of detection (mLOD) is <0.01% or <10 DNA copies for 3 animal species (Sus scrofa-porcine, Bos Taurus-cattle and Oval ovaries-sheep) in making Halal integrity is completely verified.
- Find the accredited laboratories here.
Secondly, when comes to alcohol 1.2% in European standard, it is perceived as too high alcohol level for Halal standards.
- Accredited or not, ethanol analysis is quite basic in the industry such as Gas Chromatography System (GCS)
- The parameter must be below 0.1% (LoQ) for detection.
- In some sectorials of Islamic view, the use of ethanol is permitted depending on the purpose. It is allowed if it is used for cleaning, hand swab, medical procedure and killing bacteria. Also in a raw state, some ingredients require ethanol as a carrier agent as a form of anti microbes growth. But the source of ethanol must not come from khamr production such as consumer-alcoholic. There is an approved source of ethanol that are produced by food, medical or pharmaceutical producers. The manufacturer needs to make sure all consumable product ethanol does not exceed 0.1% according to an international fatwa (Malaysia, JAKIM). A fatwa is an Islamic legal pronouncement, issued by an expert in religious law (mufti). | Related article.
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