(i) Halal – Permissible To Consume

(ii) Not Halal – Impermissible to consume

This list is based on the School of Shafi’i opinion or equivalent.

(i) Halal – Permissible To Consume

  1. Addax
  2. Albatross
  3. Alpaca
  4. Anglerfish
  5. Antelope
  6. Argali
  7. Barracuda
  8. Birds without talons
  9. Bison
  10. Blackbird
  11. Budgerigar
  12. Buffalo
  13. Bustard (Bird)
  14. Camels
  15. Catfish
  16. Caviar & Sturgeon
  17. Chicken
  18. Clam
  19. Cormorant
  20. Cow
  21. Crab (see Mud Crab in Not Halal list)
  22. Crawfish
  23. Crayfish
  24. Crane
  25. Cricket
  26. Cuttlefish
  27. Deer
  28. Dogfish
  29. Dove
  30. Duck
  31. Eels
  32. Egret
  33. Egg Roe
  34. Eland
  35. Finch
  36. Fish (common fish eg. Salmon, Snapper etc)
  37. Flamingo
  38. Francolin
  39. Fresh Water Fish (eg. Talapia etc)
  40. Gazelle
  41. Geese
  42. Gemsbok
  43. Giraffe
  44. Goat
  45. Grasshopper
  46. Grebe
  47. Gull
  48. Hagfish
  49. Hares
  50. Heron
  51. Hoopoe
  52. Horse
  53. Ibex
  54. Ibis
  55. Kangaroo – If its a protected animal species by the government, it is not Halal according to the rule of the land.
  56. Kingfisher
  57. Krill
  58. Lamb
  59. Llama
  60. Lobster
  61. Locust
  62. Loon
  63. Mackerel
  64. Magpie
  65. Manta ray
  66. Martlet
  67. Moorhen
  68. Moose
  69. Mussel
  70. Nightingale
  71. Octopus
  72. Oryx
  73. Ostrich
  74. Ox
  75. Oyster
  76. Parrot
  77. Partridge
  78. Peacock
  79. Pelican
  80. Penguin
  81. Petrel
  82. Pigeon
  83. Pike
  84. Puffin
  85. Quail
  86. Rabbit
  87. Reindeer
  88. Ringdove/ woodpigeon
  89. Roebuck
  90. Roller
  91. Rooster
  92. Sea urchin
  93. Scallop
  94. Shark
  95. Shearwater
  96. Sheep
  97. Shrimp
  98. Small birds (sparrow, swallow, finch)
  99. Snipe
  100. Spoonbill
  101. Springbok
  102. Stag
  103. Starfish
  104. Starling
  105. Stingrays
  106. Sturgeon – If its a protected animal species by the government, it is not Halal according to the rule of the land.
  107. Squid
  108. Stork
  109. Swan
  110. Squirrel – revised to Halal based on the opinion – School of Shafie.
  111. Tern/ sea swallow
  112. Thrush
  113. Trout
  114. Turkey
  115. Turtledove
  116. Wallaby
  117. Waterbuck
  118. White Abalone
  119. Wildebeest
  120. Wild range fish
  121. Wren
  122. Zebra

Note: For aquatic animal, any form of poison and intoxication has to be removed; and for the land animal, it is subjected to the Halal slaughtering process.

(ii) Not Halal – Impermissible to consume 

  1. Aardvark
  2. Alligator
  3. Animals that live underground/ ‘burrow’
  4. Ant
  5. Anteater
  6. Ape
  7. Armadillo
  8. Badger
  9. Barnacle
  10. Beaver
  11. Bee
  12. Beetle
  13. Bilby
  14. Birds with talons that use them to hunt
  15. Black bear
  16. Butterfly
  17. Caecilians
  18. Capybara
  19. Cat
  20. Caterpillar
  21. Centipede
  22. Chameleon
  23. Cheetah
  24. Chimpanzee
  25. Chinchilla
  26. Chipmunk
  27. Cicada
  28. Coati
  29. Cockle
  30. Cockroach
  31. Cony
  32. Cougar
  33. Coyote
  34. Coypu
  35. Creepy crawlies – insects – bugs
  36. Crocodile
  37. Crow/ all birds that eat beef only
  38. Dingo
  39. Dog
  40. Dolphin
  41. Donkey
  42. Dormouse
  43. Dragonfly
  44. Dugong
  45. Eagle
  46. Earwig
  47. Elephant
  48. Ermine
  49. Falcon
  50. Fennec
  51. Flea
  52. Fly
  53. Fox
  54. Frog
  55. Gecko
  56. Gerbil
  57. Gharial
  58. Glede
  59. Gopher
  60. Gorilla
  61. Grizzly bear
  62. Groundhog
  63. Hamster
  64. Harrier
  65. Hawk
  66. Hedgehog
  67. Hippopotamus
  68. Hornet
  69. Hyena
  70. Iguana
  71. Jackal
  72. Jaguar
  73. Jellyfish – It is Halal if there is a way to remove any substance that is poisonous.
  74. Jerboa
  75. Kinkajou
  76. Kite
  77. Kitten
  78. Komodo dragon
  79. Ladybird
  80. Leopard
  81. Lice
  82. Lion
  83. Lizard
  84. Lynx
  85. Mandrill
  86. Marten
  87. Mayfly
  88. Mice
  89. Millipede
  90. Mink
  91. Mole
  92. Mongoose
  93. Monkey
  94. Mosquito
  95. Moth
  96. Mud Crab – see also comments below
  97. Mule
  98. Muskrat
  99. Newt
  100. Nutria
  101. Opossum
  102. Orang-utan
  103. Owl
  104. Panther
  105. Peccary
  106. Periwinkle
  107. Pig
  108. Polar bear
  109. Porcupine
  110. Praire dog
  111. Racoon
  112. Rat
  113. Rodents
  114. Sable
  115. Salamander
  116. Sannakji
  117. Scorpion
  118. Sea snail
  119. Sea squirt
  120. Seal
  121. Shrew
  122. Skunk
  123. Slug
  124. Snail
  125. Snake
  126. Spider
  127. Sponge
  128. Stoat
  129. Stone Crab
  130. Termite
  131. Tick
  132. Tiger
  133. Toad
  134. Tortoise/ turtle
  135. Vermin/ pests
  136. Vole
  137. Vulture
  138. Walrus
  139. Wasp
  140. Weasel
  141. Whelk
  142. Wolf
  143. Woodlouse
  144. Worm

References:

  1. Syakh Yusuf Qardawi’s Reference and Fatwa on Seafood and Others

2. Quran Al-Maidah : 96 – Seafood

أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ صَيْدُ الْبَحْرِ وَطَعَامُهُ مَتَاعًا لَّكُمْ وَلِلسَّيَّارَةِ ۖ وَحُرِّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ صَيْدُ الْبَرِّ مَا دُمْتُمْ حُرُمًا ۗ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ

SAHIH INTERNATIONAL

Lawful to you is game from the sea and its food as provision for you and the travellers, but forbidden to you is game from the land as long as you are in the state of ihram. And fear Allah to whom you will be gathered.

YUSUF ALI

Lawful to you is the pursuit of water-game and its use for food,- for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel; but forbidden is the pursuit of land-game;- as long as ye are in the sacred precincts or in pilgrim garb. And fear Allah, to Whom ye shall be gathered back.

3. Quran Al-An’am : 119 – Land Animal

وَمَا لَكُمْ أَلَّا تَأْكُلُوا مِمَّا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَقَدْ فَصَّلَ لَكُم مَّا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِلَّا مَا اضْطُرِرْتُمْ إِلَيْهِ ۗ وَإِنَّ كَثِيرًا لَّيُضِلُّونَ بِأَهْوَائِهِم بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُعْتَدِينَ

SAHIH INTERNATIONAL

And why should you not eat of that upon which the name of Allah has been mentioned while He has explained in detail to you what He has forbidden you, excepting that to which you are compelled. And indeed do many lead [others] astray through their [own] inclinations without knowledge. Indeed, your Lord – He is most knowing of the transgressors.

4. Consensus of Scholars

Majority of the scholars (al-rajih `inda al-jumhur) is that in our Religion “the default in things is permissibility” (al-aslu fil-ashya’ al-ibaha) until proven haram.

 

Posted by Rohaizad

27 Comments

  1. Rushdi Ahmad 06/08/2019 at 6:53 PM

    Krill , mud crab, cockle ,sea snail ?? Are you sure ,

    Reply

    1. Rohaizad Hassan 26/10/2019 at 3:06 AM

      Yes, based on Shafie school.

      Reply

      1. What about horse?
        It is not mentioned in both lists.

        Reply

        1. It is updated. Thank you for the suggestion.

          Reply

    2. Rohaizad Hassan 04/03/2020 at 6:31 AM

      Mud crab living on the land is not permissible, the rest is fine according to Shafie school.

      Reply

      1. Mamintal Indar 27/03/2020 at 11:38 PM

        Greeting of Peace be upon all, kindly classify mud crabs that are categorized haram, because mud crabs grown in the pond are also mud crabs.please if possible the pictures. Sukran.

        Reply

        1. Rohaizad Hassan 18/06/2020 at 7:52 PM

          In this document showed a mud crab with a flipper leg – which is Halal https://www.fish.wa.gov.au/Documents/recreational_fishing/fact_sheets/fact_sheet_mud_crab.pdf

          the one without a flipper leg – living on the land-only is Haram based on the basic behaviour that it will eat filthy things.

          Reply

          1. Asalamualaykum my husband and I get in to these petty arguments about crab I know he says it is haram I say it is halal actually he is a Pathan from Pakistan I am German however he did bring me some king crab legs one day as a surprise and I really enjoyed it tremendously I said if crab was haram it would not come in to our house period besides he knows how much I love crab and I will show him this inshallah

          2. Hi Benazir. Waalaikumsalam. Crab is makruh for Hanafi school. Other schools of thought would be permissible. However, crab, which is dirty and spends more time on the land, in some interpretation, is Haram. To distinguish it, look at the crab legs. Usually, a crab that has flipper legs would be fine.

  2. Mamintal Indar 27/03/2020 at 11:39 PM

    Greeting of Peace be upon all, kindly classify mud crabs that are categorized haram, because mud crabs grown in the pond are also mud crabs.please if possible the pictures. Sukran.

    Reply

    1. The mud crabs that are Haram has no flippers shape on their legs. Any crabs with flippers leg are Halal as it spends more time in the water. Water is a property that cleanses whatever under the sea and its ecosystem. However, for poisonous marine, as long that poison can be removed, it can be consumed.

      Reply

  3. why jellyfish is haram?

    Reply

    1. Rohaizad Hassan 17/06/2020 at 11:08 PM

      It is Halal if there is a way to remove any substance that is poisonous.

      Reply

  4. Rashid Yusof 08/05/2020 at 3:39 PM

    Why krill is haram? Pls advise. Tq in advance.

    Reply

    1. Rohaizad Hassan 17/06/2020 at 11:25 PM

      No. It is Halal according to Shafi’i. Most seafood is Halal according to Shafi’i except those poisonous sea creatures that the poison is non-removable.

      Reply

  5. grasshopper is halal. from hadist shahih At Tirmizi and HR. Ahmad ..

    Reply

  6. Why sea squirt is also haram to eat?

    Reply

    1. Rohaizad Hassan 17/06/2020 at 11:23 PM

      According to Shafi’i, it is Halal

      Reply

  7. Why has horse been made halal but donkey and mule not permissible

    Reply

    1. Rohaizad Hassan 19/08/2020 at 8:53 PM

      Narrated Ibn `Umar: The Prophet saw prohibited the eating of donkey’s meat.

      Reply

  8. how is krill haram?

    Reply

    1. Rohaizad Hassan 12/11/2020 at 6:55 PM

      my mistake. It was corrected earlier. Initial list was Hanafi school. Krill is accepted in Syafi’i.

      Reply

  9. Is porcupine haram ? And why ?

    Reply

    1. The land animal that has sharp teeth, canines, claws and others considered as Haram. Their digestive system is also different. Also, slaughtering is required for any animal where the name of God being recited. Even porcupine does not have sharp element it still doesn’t fall in the category where it can be slaughtered properly.

      Reply

  10. Squirrel is family of rabbits and it’s meat is eatable

    Reply

    1. The scholars differed in opinion with regard to the permissibility of eating a squirrel; the majority of them are of the view that it is permissible to eat it. However, some other scholars are of the view that it is forbidden to eat it because it eats with its canine teeth; this is the view of the Hanafi school, and the view of some scholars of the Shaafi’ee and Hanbali schools, whereas the Maaliki school is of the view that it is disliked.

      To conclude, the most preponderant opinion is that it is permissible to eat a squirrel according to An-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy upon him) from the Shaafi’ee school, Ibn Qudaamah and Al-Mardaawi (may Allah have mercy upon them) from the Hanbali school, and Khaleel (may Allah have mercy upon him) from the Maaliki school.

      Allah Knows best.

      Source https://www.islamweb.net/en/fatwa/92058/eating-squirrel-meat

      Reply

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.