(i) Halal – Permissible To Consume

(ii) Not Halal – Impermissible to consume

This list is based on the School of Shafi’i opinion or equivalent.

(i) Halal – Permissible To Consume

  1. Addax
  2. Albatross
  3. Alpaca
  4. Anglerfish
  5. Antelope
  6. Argali
  7. Barracuda
  8. Birds without talons
  9. Bison
  10. Blackbird
  11. Budgerigar
  12. Buffalo
  13. Bustard (Bird)
  14. Camels
  15. Catfish
  16. Caviar & Sturgeon
  17. Chicken
  18. Clam
  19. Cormorant
  20. Cow
  21. Crab (see Mud Crab in Not Halal list)
  22. Crawfish
  23. Crayfish
  24. Crane
  25. Cricket
  26. Cuttlefish
  27. Deer
  28. Dogfish
  29. Dove
  30. Duck
  31. Eels
  32. Egret
  33. Egg Roe
  34. Eland
  35. Finch
  36. Fish (common fish eg. Salmon, Snapper etc)
  37. Flamingo
  38. Francolin
  39. Fresh Water Fish (eg. Talapia etc)
  40. Gazelle
  41. Geese
  42. Gemsbok
  43. Giraffe
  44. Goat
  45. Grasshopper
  46. Grebe
  47. Gull
  48. Hagfish
  49. Hares
  50. Heron
  51. Hoopoe
  52. Ibex
  53. Ibis
  54. Kangaroo – If its a protected animal species by the government, it is not Halal according to the rule of the land.
  55. Kingfisher
  56. Lamb
  57. Llama
  58. Lobster
  59. Locust
  60. Loon
  61. Mackerel
  62. Magpie
  63. Manta ray
  64. Martlet
  65. Moorhen
  66. Moose
  67. Mussel
  68. Nightingale
  69. Octopus
  70. Oryx
  71. Ostrich
  72. Ox
  73. Oyster
  74. Parrot
  75. Partridge
  76. Peacock
  77. Pelican
  78. Penguin
  79. Petrel
  80. Pigeon
  81. Pike
  82. Puffin
  83. Quail
  84. Rabbit
  85. Reindeer
  86. Ringdove/ woodpigeon
  87. Roebuck
  88. Roller
  89. Rooster
  90. Sea urchin
  91. Scallop
  92. Shark
  93. Shearwater
  94. Sheep
  95. Shrimp
  96. Small birds (sparrow, swallow, finch)
  97. Snipe
  98. Spoonbill
  99. Springbok
  100. Stag
  101. Starfish
  102. Starling
  103. Stingrays
  104. Sturgeon – If its a protected animal species by the government, it is not Halal according to the rule of the land.
  105. Squid
  106. Stork
  107. Swan
  108. Tern/ sea swallow
  109. Thrush
  110. Trout
  111. Turkey
  112. Turtledove
  113. Wallaby
  114. Waterbuck
  115. White Abalone
  116. Wildebeest
  117. Wild range fish
  118. Wren
  119. Zebra

Note: For aquatic animal, any form of poison and intoxication has to be removed; and for land animal it is subjected to the Halal slaughtering process.

(ii) Not Halal – Impermissible to consume 

  1. Aardvark
  2. Alligator
  3. Animals that live underground/ ‘burrow’
  4. Ant
  5. Anteater
  6. Ape
  7. Armadillo
  8. Badger
  9. Barnacle
  10. Beaver
  11. Bee
  12. Beetle
  13. Bilby
  14. Birds with talons that use them to hunt
  15. Black bear
  16. Butterfly
  17. Caecilians
  18. Capybara
  19. Cat
  20. Caterpillar
  21. Centipede
  22. Chameleon
  23. Cheetah
  24. Chimpanzee
  25. Chinchilla
  26. Chipmunk
  27. Cicada
  28. Coati
  29. Cockle
  30. Cockroach
  31. Cony
  32. Cougar
  33. Coyote
  34. Coypu
  35. Creepy crawlies – insects – bugs
  36. Crocodile
  37. Crow/ all birds that eat beef only
  38. Dingo
  39. Dog
  40. Dolphin
  41. Donkey
  42. Dormouse
  43. Dragonfly
  44. Dugong
  45. Eagle
  46. Earwig
  47. Elephant
  48. Ermine
  49. Falcon
  50. Fennec
  51. Flea
  52. Fly
  53. Fox
  54. Frog
  55. Gecko
  56. Gerbil
  57. Gharial
  58. Glede
  59. Gopher
  60. Gorilla
  61. Grizzly bear
  62. Groundhog
  63. Hamster
  64. Harrier
  65. Hawk
  66. Hedgehog
  67. Hippopotamus
  68. Hornet
  69. Hyena
  70. Iguana
  71. Jackal
  72. Jaguar
  73. Jellyfish – It is Halal if there is a way to remove any substance that is poisonous.
  74. Jerboa
  75. Kinkajou
  76. Kite
  77. Kitten
  78. Komodo dragon
  79. Krill
  80. Ladybird
  81. Leopard
  82. Lice
  83. Lion
  84. Lizard
  85. Lynx
  86. Mandrill
  87. Marten
  88. Mayfly
  89. Mice
  90. Millipede
  91. Mink
  92. Mole
  93. Mongoose
  94. Monkey
  95. Mosquito
  96. Moth
  97. Mud Crab – see also comments below
  98. Mule
  99. Muskrat
  100. Newt
  101. Nutria
  102. Opossum
  103. Orang-utan
  104. Owl
  105. Panther
  106. Peccary
  107. Periwinkle
  108. Pig
  109. Polar bear
  110. Porcupine
  111. Praire dog
  112. Racoon
  113. Rat
  114. Rodents
  115. Sable
  116. Salamander
  117. Sannakji
  118. Scorpion
  119. Sea snail
  120. Sea squirt
  121. Seal
  122. Shrew
  123. Skunk
  124. Slug
  125. Snail
  126. Snake
  127. Spider
  128. Sponge
  129. Squirrel
  130. Stoat
  131. Stone Crab
  132. Termite
  133. Tick
  134. Tiger
  135. Toad
  136. Tortoise/ turtle
  137. Vermin/ pests
  138. Vole
  139. Vulture
  140. Walrus
  141. Wasp
  142. Weasel
  143. Whelk
  144. Wolf
  145. Woodlouse
  146. Worm

References:

Syakh Yusuf Qardawi’s Reference and Fatwa on Seafood and Others

Quran Al-Maidah : 96 – Seafood

أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ صَيْدُ الْبَحْرِ وَطَعَامُهُ مَتَاعًا لَّكُمْ وَلِلسَّيَّارَةِ ۖ وَحُرِّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ صَيْدُ الْبَرِّ مَا دُمْتُمْ حُرُمًا ۗ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ

SAHIH INTERNATIONAL

Lawful to you is game from the sea and its food as provision for you and the travelers, but forbidden to you is game from the land as long as you are in the state of ihram. And fear Allah to whom you will be gathered.

YUSUF ALI

Lawful to you is the pursuit of water-game and its use for food,- for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel; but forbidden is the pursuit of land-game;- as long as ye are in the sacred precincts or in pilgrim garb. And fear Allah, to Whom ye shall be gathered back.

Quran Al-An’am : 119 – Land Animal

وَمَا لَكُمْ أَلَّا تَأْكُلُوا مِمَّا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَقَدْ فَصَّلَ لَكُم مَّا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِلَّا مَا اضْطُرِرْتُمْ إِلَيْهِ ۗ وَإِنَّ كَثِيرًا لَّيُضِلُّونَ بِأَهْوَائِهِم بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُعْتَدِينَ

SAHIH INTERNATIONAL

And why should you not eat of that upon which the name of Allah has been mentioned while He has explained in detail to you what He has forbidden you, excepting that to which you are compelled. And indeed do many lead [others] astray through their [own] inclinations without knowledge. Indeed, your Lord – He is most knowing of the transgressors.

Consensus of Scholars

Majority of the scholars (al-rajih `inda al-jumhur) is that in our Religion “the default in things is permissibility” (al-aslu fil-ashya’ al-ibaha) until proven haram.

Posted by Rohaizad Hassan

15 Comments

  1. Rushdi Ahmad 06/08/2019 at 6:53 PM

    Krill , mud crab, cockle ,sea snail ?? Are you sure ,

    Reply

    1. Rohaizad Hassan 26/10/2019 at 3:06 AM

      Yes, based on Shafie school.

      Reply

    2. Rohaizad Hassan 04/03/2020 at 6:31 AM

      Mud crab living on the land is not permissible, the rest is fine according to Shafie school.

      Reply

      1. Mamintal Indar 27/03/2020 at 11:38 PM

        Greeting of Peace be upon all, kindly classify mud crabs that are categorized haram, because mud crabs grown in the pond are also mud crabs.please if possible the pictures. Sukran.

        Reply

        1. Rohaizad Hassan 18/06/2020 at 7:52 PM

          In this document showed a mud crab with a flipper leg – which is Halal https://www.fish.wa.gov.au/Documents/recreational_fishing/fact_sheets/fact_sheet_mud_crab.pdf

          the one without a flipper leg – living on the land-only is Haram based on the basic behaviour that it will eat filthy things.

          Reply

  2. why jellyfish is haram?

    Reply

    1. Rohaizad Hassan 17/06/2020 at 11:08 PM

      It is Halal if there is a way to remove any substance that is poisonous.

      Reply

  3. Rashid Yusof 08/05/2020 at 3:39 PM

    Why krill is haram? Pls advise. Tq in advance.

    Reply

    1. Rohaizad Hassan 17/06/2020 at 11:25 PM

      No. It is Halal according to Shafi’i. Most seafood is Halal according to Shafi’i except those poisonous sea creatures that the poison is non-removable.

      Reply

  4. grasshopper is halal. from hadist shahih At Tirmizi and HR. Ahmad ..

    Reply

  5. Why sea squirt is also haram to eat?

    Reply

    1. Rohaizad Hassan 17/06/2020 at 11:23 PM

      According to Shafi’i, it is Halal

      Reply

  6. Why has horse been made halal but donkey and mule not permissible

    Reply

    1. Rohaizad Hassan 19/08/2020 at 8:53 PM

      Narrated Ibn `Umar: The Prophet saw prohibited the eating of donkey’s meat.

      Reply

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